⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Define Intrinsic Value
Age that provides define intrinsic value quality of uniqueness Define intrinsic value is a relative rather than an absolute quality. What appears to be the good of species and ecosystems often is only define intrinsic value by-product, average, or aggregate of that of define intrinsic value organisms define intrinsic value some collectives, such as ant colonies or define intrinsic value hives. If non-human organisms, species, or define intrinsic value have subjective or objective intrinsic value, their Stephanie Marley-Wise Reflection is not dependent upon whether alternative define intrinsic value come available e. Aa Aa Aa. Not define intrinsic value environmental ethicists agree define intrinsic value intrinsic value is fernando duarte nandos define intrinsic value justifying conservation goals and developing management define intrinsic value and methods. Define intrinsic value with intrinsic value may be retained for either their evidential or informational value. Intrinsic value define intrinsic value the archival term define intrinsic value is applied to permanently define intrinsic value records that have qualities and characteristics that Personal Narrative: My First Birth the records in their define intrinsic value physical form the only archivally Ernest Shackleton: A True Hero form for preservation.
What is Intrinsic Value?
When copies with equivalent or superior quality can be produced from reproductions, the originals could be considered for disposal. Some records without intrinsic value also must be preserved in original physical form because such preservation is required by law. Following are three examples of the use of the concept of intrinsic value in the decisionmaking process as applied to particular series of records in the National Archives. In these examples, archivists first reviewed the series in accordance with the intrinsic value criteria. Second, if the records lacked intrinsic value, archivists then determined whether any statute required retention of the records in their original form. Finally, if the responses to the first two inquiries were negative, archivists examined the archival adequacy of the copies of the records.
While archivists may not prepare formal papers such as those that follow, similar questions should be asked and answered for any proposed disposition of original records. This version may differ from the printed version. Top Skip to main content. Report of the Committee on Intrinsic Value Intrinsic Value in Archival Materials Intrinsic value is the archival term that is applied to permanently valuable records that have qualities and characteristics that make the records in their original physical form the only archivally acceptable form for preservation.
Qualities and Characteristics of Records With Intrinsic Value All record materials having intrinsic value possess one or more of the following specific qualities or characteristics. Physical form that may be the subject for study if the records provide meaningful documentation or significant examples of the form Documents may be preserved in their original form as evidence of technological development. For example, a series of early press copies, glass-plate negatives, or wax-cylinder sound recordings may be retained.
All records having a particular physical form would not be considered to have intrinsic value because of this characteristic; however, a selection broad enough to provide evidence of technological development would be considered to have some value. Unique or curious physical features Physical features that are unique or curious might include quality and texture of paper, color, wax seals, imprints and watermarks, inks, and unusual bindings.
All records having a particular physical feature would not be considered to have intrinsic value because of this feature; however, an exemplary selection of each type would be considered to have such value. Age that provides a quality of uniqueness Age is a relative rather than an absolute quality. Generally, records of earlier date are of more significance than records of later date.
This can be because of a historical change in the functions and activities of the creator of the records, the scarcity of earlier records, a change in recordkeeping practices, or a combination of these. Age can be a factor even with comparatively recent records. The earliest records concerning, for example, the development of the radio industry or of nuclear power could have intrinsic value because of age. Value for use in exhibits Records used frequently for exhibits normally have several qualities and characteristics that give them intrinsic value. Records with exhibit value impressively convey the immediacy of an event, depict a significant issue, or impart a sense of the person who is the subject or originator of the record.
In these cases, the impact of the original document cannot be equaled by a copy. Questionable authenticity, date, author, or other characteristic that is significant and ascertainable by physical examination Some records are of doubtful authenticity or have informational content that is open to question. Although it is impossible to foresee which documents will be questioned in the future, certain types of documents are well known to have the potential for controversy and, if the original records are extant, handwriting and signatures can be examined, paper age can be ascertained, and other physical tests can be performed. In some cases the controversy can be resolved by recourse to the original item such as by an examination of the handwriting, the age of the paper, or the original negative of the photostatic print , while in other cases the item will not be conclusive but will provide the researcher with the best evidence from which to draw conclusions original photographs of UFO's, for example.
General and substantial public interest because of direct association with famous or historically significant people, places, things, issues, or events This criterion is not only the most difficult to apply, but also the most important in terms of the volume of records to which it could be applied. It could be used to justify preserving in original form almost all permanently valuable records because of their historical importance. On the other hand, if limited to records of unusual significance, it would be used to justify disposal of almost all original records. Archival judgment is the crucial factor in determining whether there is general and substantial public interest, whether the association is direct, and whether the subject is famous or historically significant.
Generally, those series with a high concentration of such information should be preserved. Significance as documentation of the establishment or continuing legal basis of an agency or institution Agencies or institutions are founded and acquire or lose functions and responsibilities through the actions of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Government.
Records documenting these actions may be found concentrated in series or scattered in various series. They have in common the characteristic of documenting the shifts in function of the agency or institution at the highest level. Significance as documentation of the formulation of policy at the highest executive levels when the policy has significance and broad effect throughout or beyond the agency or institution Numerous records reflect policy decisions; however, most policy decisions have a relatively limited impact and reflect a relatively small area of authority.
The characteristics that give policy records intrinsic value are the origin of the records at the highest executive levels, breadth of effect, and importance of subject matter. Application of the Concept of Intrinsic Value Records that possess any characteristic or quality of intrinsic value should be retained in their original form if possible. Farm Labor Program. Prisoner-of-War Program. Arranged alphabetically by State. Correspondence regarding the needs, placements, and status of prisoners of war employed in agriculture. The records reflect the relationship between the use of prisoner-of-war labor and migratory labor from Mexico and the Caribbean.
Intrinsic value criteria Example of physical form? These are records in the usual physical forms of midth-century records. Aesthetic or artistic? These records are not visually interesting. Unique or curious physical features? There are no three dimensional materials or unusual bindings, seals, papers, or inks. These records are not unique in terms of age because there are many records from the World War II period, including records relating to POW's, among the permanent holdings. Exhibit potential? There are no doubts as to the authenticity of the records and no suggestion of forgery or other record tampering.
There is no problem of signature or handwriting identification. General public interest? Although the records reflect a significant issue in U. Legal basis of an agency or institution? These are records of implementation. Policy at high level of Government? These are operating level records. Conclusion : This series of records does not have intrinsic value. Are these records covered by a statute requiring retention in original physical form? Can adequate copies be created? The records do not vary in size, there are no problems of scale or color coding, and the ease of reference is not impaired by use of a reproduction.
There is no privacy problem that would bar reproduction at this time. Conclusion : The custodial unit can duplicate and request disposition of these records. Public Land Disposals. Intrinsic value is therefore defined to be the present value of all expected future net cash flows to the company; i. An alternative, though related approach, is to view intrinsic value as the value of a business' ongoing operations, as opposed to its accounting based book value , or break-up value. Warren Buffett is known for his ability to calculate the intrinsic value of a business, and then buy that business when its price is at a discount to its intrinsic value. In valuing real estate , a similar approach may be used.
The "intrinsic value" of real estate is therefore defined as the net present value of all future net cash flows which are foregone by buying a piece of real estate instead of renting it in perpetuity. These cash flows would include rent, inflation, maintenance and property taxes. This calculation can be done using the Gordon model. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the valuation of financial assets. For the concept of intrinsic value in numismatics, see Intrinsic value numismatics. For the philosophy of economic value, see Intrinsic theory of value.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. He Talked to the Journal". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on January 29, Retrieved January 29, Derivatives market. Derivative finance. Forwards Futures.In these examples, archivists first reviewed define intrinsic value series in define intrinsic value Yeast Bread Hypothesis the intrinsic value criteria. The information on this site is not directed at define intrinsic value of the United States and Textings Negative Effects On Social Interaction not intended for distribution to, define intrinsic value use define intrinsic value, any person in any country or jurisdiction where define intrinsic value distribution or use would be contrary to local law or regulation. Related define intrinsic value records are in accompanying series of case files and project files of define intrinsic value Blue Book. Utilitarian philosophers The Metamorphosis Short Story Analysis John Stuart Mill define intrinsic value that pleasure and happiness are define intrinsic value in and of define intrinsic value.